Terms such as physical activity, exercise, fitness training, training, health and physical fitness have often been confused with each other since 1985 and are sometimes used interchangeably.
The rapid socio-economic and demographic change, the need to take advantage of the natural dimension has led to a diversification of the application of physical exercise / sport that is presented today with different goals and with the study of various forms of fitness. As a result, there is a growing demand for organized sport, competitive racing and increasing individualized physical activity aimed at achieving various goals such as internal health and psychophysical well-being. Nevertheless, a very complex reality is the physical exercise phenomenon generally known as “fitness,” “exercise,” “conditioning,” “resistance training” or better “fitness training.”
A personal trainer is an adult qualified in exercise treatment and instruction with a varying degree of knowledge of general fitness. Personal Trainers use the setting of goals, tracking progress and giving feedback as ways to motivate their clients. Trainers also assess the strengths and weaknesses of their client through fitness tests. Such fitness tests can also be carried out before and after an exercise program in order to assess the changes in physical fitness of their client. In addition to exercise, a good personal trainer will also train their clients in many other areas of fitness, including general guidelines on health and nutrition. It is very important that a trainer takes the time to assess a client’s personal life and how this impacts their overall health. as it helps personal trainers to find out what kind of pressure their clients may place on certain areas of the body during their daily lives.
If a trainer believes that one of their clients has a medical condition that might preclude the client from engaging safely in an exercise program, the client must be referred for advance approval to the appropriate health professional.
Purpose of Training
Personal trainer should review the desires and needs of an individual as they formulate a fitness program. The purpose of a personal trainer’s role is to improve all components of fitness.
Proper prescription for exercise could lead to improved body composition, physical performance, heart condition, and health outcomes. A coach pays close attention to the exercise type, workout routine, and food program of their client. Personal training in men and women has been shown to exercise behavioral patterns, enhance cognitive benefit-to-concern ratio for exercise (decisional balance), and increase confidence in selecting exercise in the face of other time demands (scheduling self-efficacy). Personal training results in higher endurance, higher workout intensities, and higher perceived exertion throughout exercise.
The occupation is typically not limited by location, and personal trainers may work on live video (also called “online personal trainers”) or outdoors in exercise centers, in their personal homes, or in client homes. Nearly all personal trainers and group exercise instructors work in wellness facilities, health clubs and fitness centers located in the entertainment and recreation sector or in civic and social organizations. Except for Washington D.C., private training is not limited in any U.S. jurisdiction which introduced personal fitness coach registration requirements in February 2014. Many companies, including gyms, require certification of personal trainers. This is not always the case, though, and some personal trainers will find work without certification. Generally, personal trainers need to have other qualities, such as a passion for fitness and helping people achieve their goals, industry knowledge, management, and the ability to communicate with their clients effectively.
Personal trainers may be trained in some type of training, theory of training, level of efficiency, style of exercise, or population of clients. Generally, most personal trainers create aerobic exercise, strength exercise, and/or endurance training exercise treatment plans. Stretching exercises or other methods may also be included by personal trainers. Personal trainers provide patients with correct technique to execute workouts, minimizing the risk of injury. While some speak with clients about food, ergogenic therapy, and spiritual practices, there is disagreement within the industry as to whether it fits into their practice and training skills.
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